What is IVF?
IVF or In Vitro Fertilization is a way of getting pregnant where an egg is fertilized by a sperm in a testube or elsewhere outside the body. Couples struggling hard to conceive even after having unprotected intercourse regularly, same sex couples or a single women willing to have a baby through sperm donation undertake this process.
Infertility is increasing at an alarming rate day by day in both men and women. Are you among those who are struggling hard to conceive but find it difficult to conceive naturally even after having unprotected intercourse regularly for a long time?
If yes, then you can give IVF a try. You may wonder whether IVF is right for you or not. It is very important for you to know that nothing can guarantee 100% success but many women and couples found smooth and positive pregnancy after giving IVF a try. If you want to learn more about IVF then check out the 4 steps involved in the IVF process:
Step 1: Ovulation induction
In this step your specialist will check your ovaries and will keep a track of your menstrual cycle to know more about the timings of egg release of your body. This is done both before and during the IVF process. Among many other procedures, the doctors will make sure your body is producing the right hormone in right amount and that your ovaries are producing sufficient eggs.
Doctors prescribe fertility medicines or inject artificial hormones in women at this time so that their ovaries produce more eggs. Only if you have sufficient eggs to reproduce with the help of IVF will you have increased chances of getting pregnant. Talk to your specialist or consider donor eggs if you are not able to produce eggs.
Step 2: Egg retrieval
To reduce any kind of discomfort doctors give pain medication in step 2. Then vaginal ultrasound is done by passing a very thin needle through the upper wall of vagina. Then the fluid is cleared out from follicles. After this process the egg id immediately separated from the follicular fluid. After this they place the egg in a culture dish that contains nutrient media and then is transferred to the incubator.
Step 3: Fertilization
Then comes the process of fertilization of the egg. Doctors then secure a sperm sample either from your partner if he is highly fertile or from a donor. They then mix the most active sperm with the egg in a special chamber. After this to be fully sure that a healthy embryo develops, the sperm and egg are placed in the incubator.
Step 4: Embryo transfer and implantation
Embryo transfer is the last step of this process. The healthiest embryo is transferred with the help of a small plastic tube which is placed through the cervix into the uterine cavity. After the completion of the last step doctors advice the patient to take bed rest for at least 24 hours.