Are you looking to buy Arabic calligraphy? Have you been looking up Islamic calligraphy art for sale? Arabic calligraphy,which is synonymous with Islamic calligraphy, is a highly evolved form of art, and has a rich history spanning aeons and different geographical regions. A major sign of the evolution of Islamic calligraphy is the development of different fonts of writing the Arabic script. Each style originated in a particular place, at a particular time, and has its own set of rules of writing. Here are some mentioned below:
- Kufic: This is the oldest style, originating in 7thcentury in Kufa, Iraq. It was reportedly the first font in which the Quran was written. Then, the Arabic script contained no diacritical marks and no symbols to indicated vowel sounds. With time, as non-Arabs began converting to Islam and were unfamiliar with the language of the Quran, diacritical marks and vowels symbols were introduced to the script. The Kufic font has horizontal strokes that are either very long or very short, and round characters with tiny counters.
The style had quite a few sub-categories, such as floral, foliated, plaited or interlaced, bordered, and squared Kufic.
In the 10th century, Kufic font gave way to the more legible Naskh style for writing the Quran but continued to be used for decorative purposes such as in ceramic plates.
- Naskh: This cursive font gained popularity on account of the ease of reading and writing it offered, and continues to be used even now in transcribing the Holy Quran. It formed the basis of the modern Arabic script, and is still used in newspapers, periodicals, official decrees and private correspondence.
- Thuluth: Thuluth font is called so because one-third of the letters are straight (Thuluth is one-thirds in Arabic). The font has a striking façade because of the long, vertical lines, broad spacing and emphatic dots, diacritical marks and symbols used to indicate the sounds of vowels. On account of its grand appearance, it is used for decorative purposes. It adorns the walls and ceilings of many monuments and buildings, such as the Taj Mahal, for example. People also use it for Islamic wall artin their homes, offices and to give as gifts.
- Nast’aliq: This regional style took off in Persia and was also employed in non-religious uses like writing court papers. The name ta’liq means “hanging”, and indicates the right to leftslope of the characters that renders the overall script a hanging appearance. It is also used for writing Persian and Urdu languages.
- Diwani: This font developed under the patronage the Ottoman sultans in the 16th century AD. It is a very decorative style of writing – the letters are slanted, and the narrow spaces between them are densely filled with ornate marks – and is thus suitable for Islamic calligraphy art for sale. The Diwanifont is not so legible and was used in penning secret papers of the court. In the current era, its extreme decorativeness makes it the preferred choice for those looking to buy Arabic calligraphy.